Context: Canada is the third largest country in the world in terms of forest area with 347 million ha. Until today, the most used silvicultural treatment has been total cutting, representing 93% of the area harvested in the Canadian boreal forest. The impacts of this method of cutting on the virgin forest in terms of loss of biodiversity, vulnerability of regeneration to natural disturbances and sustainability of forest resources are well known. We are experiencing a critical situation in the boreal forest due to the homogenization and simplification of forest structure, the standardization of stands in terms of species, as well as the general rejuvenation of the forest cover. For these reasons, it is important to develop innovative silvicultural treatments in order to provide alternative forest management strategies that aim to stand diversification, and to increase adaptive capacity and resilience to climate change in Canada’s boreal forest. Ecosystem-based forest management proposes the use of partial cutting to integrate ecological, economic and social objectives into silvicultural planning. Although partial cuts are increasingly being used, they are not adapted to Canadian conditions and remain little studied). For this, a silvicultural assessment of these silvicultural practices, capable of providing tools for applying these treatments in Canada’s forest strategy, is required.
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